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Mechanization

The agricultural sector remains largely dependent on traditional methods of cultivation - using bullocks and farmhands. Often, plots are left fallow during peak agricultural seasons, due to the shortage of labor.

Mechanization is currently limited mainly to larger farms in the Terai. It is particularly inadequate in the mid-hills of Nepal, due to the unavailability of machinery suitable for use in the narrow and sloped terrain. Only an estimated 15% of productive farmland in the mid-hills is prepared by mechanized means.

Ginger

Ginger is indigenous to the Indo-China region, with Nepal being one of the most suitable countries for its production. An estimated 200,000 farmers produce 250,000 t/y of which the poor produce 30%. Ginger is mainly cultivated in the mid-hills, where many of the socially excluded groups reside, including Janajatis and Dalits.

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