Lat: 
27.20
Long: 
87.50

Mechanization

The agricultural sector remains largely dependent on traditional methods of cultivation - using bullocks and farmhands. Often, plots are left fallow during peak agricultural seasons, due to the shortage of labor.

Mechanization is currently limited mainly to larger farms in the Terai. It is particularly inadequate in the mid-hills of Nepal, due to the unavailability of machinery suitable for use in the narrow and sloped terrain. Only an estimated 15% of productive farmland in the mid-hills is prepared by mechanized means.

Dairy

Dairy farming is the dominant activity of the crop-livestock integrated farming practice among smallholder farmers in Nepal, with 80% of farm households rearing dairy animals (cows and buffaloes).  In addition, the sector is the largest contributor of the livestock sector to Nepal’s agricultural GDP.

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