Nepal has over 27,000 fish ponds situated mainly in the Terai districts.  The poor are mainly involved as small farmers who either own or lease small ponds to rear fingerlings up to table size for sale through small traders. Several ethnic groups are involved in fish production including the Malaha, Tharu, Mukhiya, Mushar and Majhi. However, only a small minority of ponds are managed by women.

Current productivity levels are low at about 3.8M t/ha, but there is evidence that this yield could more than double with improved management. Under-performance at the pond-level is mainly due to poor pond management practices, improper feeding and the use of low-quality fry and fingerlings.

Samarth-NMDP is focused on developing new business models for feed manufacturers, aqua chemical companies, hatcheries and nurseries to reduce barriers that prevent them from reaching smaller farmers.  Through improved packaging, enhanced promotion and provision of information, the interventions aim to improve access of farmers to inputs, services and market - resulting in significant increases in productivity and incomes.

Current Interventions

1. Better Hatchery Management

2. Brood Stock Management

3. Improve Trade and Marketing

4. Enhance information of Aquaculture


Samarth-NMDP is implementing this project with Devtec.

Related Resources

November 07, 2017

A brief overview of Samarth's fish sector as a whole, as at March 2018. 

October 11, 2017

Samarth NMDP shared the experiences and learnings on different interventions under pig, fish and vegetable sectors in a half-day workshop organized by MDFN on 14th September, 2017. 

March 17, 2017

This case study in the fishing sector examines the importance of public and private actors working together and the benefits brought about by a cohensive public-private partnership.

November 09, 2016

Majority of small pig farmers of Nepal are from marginalized underprivileged groups.  As per the agriculture census of 2011, there were 5, 40,000 households rearing pigs (mostly less than two) in Nepal. When the pig program of Samarth-NMDP was launched in 2012, there were only 40 registered pig farms. Today, there are more than 1200 registered pig farms scattered around the hills and the plains of Nepal.

July 07, 2016

Half-day training on water test kit operation by the supplier to the hatcheries was held on 3rd and 5th June, 2016, at Fisheries Development Centers (FDC) of Bhairahawa and Janakpur respectively. The main aim of the program is to train the hatcheries to operate water test kits and interpret results so that they can provide the same service to farmers.