Low productivity in pigs is a major problem in the pig and pork production cycle in Nepal. The absence of pedigree breeds and a shortage of quality seed stock in the government run facilities and private breeders has led to in-breeding in the sector, producing piglets of lower weight and slower growth.
Before Samarth’s intervention, only two government run facilities - Nepal Agriculture Research Council (NARC) and Department of Livestock (DLS) - were providing quality seed stock, which were mostly cross-breeds. Supply from these farms to the private sector was far below the demand.
Since March 2014, Samarth has been working with these two government institutions as well as two commercial private breeders – termed here as Grandparent Seed Stock (GPS) farms – to produce pedigree pig seed stock at the national level, using imported pedigree stock via artificial insemination (AI). This is the first time the technology has been used in the private sector in Nepal.