During Programme Year Five, from April 2016 to end March 2017, Samarth-NMDP has solidified its interventions and has been able to record some impressive results at all levels of the log frame. At the impact level, the programme has made significant progress since year 4, reporting a total of 183,463 beneficiaries to date, nearly doubling the programme results to date. One-fourth of the results reported to date come from the Crop Protection Inputs sector, and Pigs, Vegetables, and Fish sectors have all reached between 20-30,000 beneficiaries each.
Field assessments and surveys indicate outreach is 72,000 farmers and small scale entrepreneurs with an average net attributable income change (NAIC) across the portfolio of £25 per person. This is just shy of the outreach target for Year 3 (75,000) but below the £80 target for NAIC.
Making Molehills out of Mountains
The benefits of mechanization to smallholders have been known ever since hand was first put to ard over eight thousand years ago. Since then there has been a steady evolution of technology into the leviathan tractors we see today which incorporate satellite technology and automatic steering.
The pig sector in Nepal is widespread and mainly characterized by small-scale, mixed farms. Pig farming is dominated by small household (HH) production units of 1-2 pigs, which accounted for 86% (464,200 HH) of all households raising pigs in 2011. Production is typically low-input low-output, using unimproved breeds. The most common sources of pig feed are food industry by-products, kitchen waste, and grain by-products. Pigs therefore serve to convert limited waste and by-products of low value into high value food for consumption or/and sale.
This manual sets out Samarth-NMDP’s Results Measurement System and explains how results are monitored and measured across the programme. The manual is intended primarily as an internal document and as a guideline for teams involved in the design, implementation and management of interventions.
In Nepal, 55% of the population still lives on less than $1.25 per day, and 78% on less than $2 a day: gender and social exclusion have been found to be drivers of poverty3. Inequalities have also increased with a rise in the Gini coefficient (from 0.34 to 0.41 between 1995 and 2004), and it is clear that poverty continues to affect social groups to differing degrees. A recent report on gender disparities concluded that Nepal is one is the least equal countries in the world – ranking 115th out of 1344.
During Programme Year Two, beginning May 2013 to end April 2014, Samarth-NMDP has laid strong foundations for sustainable change across a range of agricultural markets, as well as recording the first signs of impact at the farm-level. Overall, working across eight rural sectors, evidence of progress towards systemic change has been recorded in five market systems, where Samarth-NMDP has successfully coaxed investment or change in how the private or public sector are doing business.
In March 2013, Rojina was one of the many who attended a demonstration on disease management in ginger that was organized by Crop Pro Tech (CPT) - a private company that sells agricultural inputs. Earlier that year, CPT received training from Samarth-NMDP, a DFID-funded market systems development programme working to stimulate pro-poor growth across a range of agricultural sectors.
In the mid-hills of Nepal, ginger farming is one of the most significant sources of cash income for poor smallholders. The net incomes of farmers involved in ginger cultivation is significantly higher than that in competing crops, such as rice and fresh vegetables. However, over a third of Nepali ginger producers fall below the poverty line, many of whom face both geographic and social exclusion.One of the most significant constraints facing producers relates to disease management – an estimated 50% of ginger farmers in Nepal suffer from disease in their crops.