Post-earthquake Update: Agriculture

Samarth-NMDP is a market development programme, and was commencing year 4 of a five year programme at the time of the earthquake.

The worst affected sectors in which Samarth works were Dairy, Vegetables and Crop Protection (agri-inputs). Within these worst affected sectors, Samarth supported market players - mainly associations that represent these industries - to conduct a rapid market analysis to understand the impact of the disaster on their markets. Using the findings of this rapid analysis, Samarth-NMDP is developing interventions which can assist in the recovery of these markets to safeguard productive assets such as livestock, and recover income generation opportunities for poor smallholders. For activities which are beyond the scope of Samarth’s market development mandate -i.e. market-led relief - the programme is assisting in the development of concept papers for other aid actors to support.

Enhance AV capacity to provide better services to farmers

Samarth-NMDP developed an intervention to enhance the capacity of agro-vets by strengthening the overall body responsible for delivering the training (PPD/PPOs). On analysing the underlying constraints contributing to poor productivity at the smallholder farmer level it was determined that information channeling on the use of CPI products and crop diseases were outdated as well as incentives being misaligned (sales being driven by company-based commissions for pushing the products in the market).

Adapting to Market Evolution - A Dynamic Approach

Due to the lack of feasible or suitable business model for this area in Nepal, wholesalers and traders in the region have little incentive to invest in smallholder farmers as the majority of them are unable to meet the demand of the traders/wholesalers. The Samarth team’s studies highlighted that the major issues both farmers and traders were facing collectively was a failure to successfully aggregate vegetables as well as access the market itself.

Private Sector Important for Uptake of Technologies Embedded by Govt. for Fast Tracking and Commercialization of Forage/Fodder

Better feeding practices with the use of adequate nutritious green forage for dairy animals have been recommended by experts as a solution to the poor productivity of the dairy farming businesses in Nepal. 

As part of Dairy project’s “Increase Access to Forage Inputs” intervention, Samarth-NMDP has been working with Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC) - Pasture and Fodder Division (PFD) to address legal and technical barriers for commercialization and promotion of forage based dairy production

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