Ginger is indigenous to the Indo-China region, with Nepal being one of the most suitable countries for its production. An estimated 200,000 farmers produce 250,000 t/y of which the poor produce 30%. Ginger is mainly cultivated in the mid-hills, where many of the socially excluded groups reside, including Janajatis and Dalits.


The Vegetable sector has an immense poverty reduction potential in Nepal because of high, unmet domestic demand and the potential for net import substitution from neighboring countries - especially India.  The sector also has high potential to benefit disadvantaged communities.
The sector, however, is constrained by low adoption rate of high quality seeds; lack of access to and informed choice of the use of other inputs such as agrochemicals; highly informal and fragmented trade in inputs and produce; and limited aggregation of vegetables at local level.


Dairy farming is the dominant activity of the crop-livestock integrated farming practice among smallholder farmers in Nepal, with 80% of farm households rearing dairy animals (cows and buffaloes).  In addition, the sector is the largest contributor of the livestock sector to Nepal’s agricultural GDP.


Nepal has over 27,000 fish ponds situated mainly in the Terai districts.  The poor are mainly involved as small farmers who either own or lease small ponds to rear fingerlings up to table size for sale through small traders. Several ethnic groups are involved in fish production including the Malaha, Tharu, Mukhiya, Mushar and Majhi. However, only a small minority of ponds are managed by women.

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