Nepal has over 27,000 fish ponds situated mainly in the Terai districts.  The poor are mainly involved as small farmers who either own or lease small ponds to rear fingerlings up to table size for sale through small traders. Several ethnic groups are involved in fish production including the Malaha, Tharu, Mukhiya, Mushar and Majhi. However, only a small minority of ponds are managed by women.

Current productivity levels are low at about 3.8M t/ha, but there is evidence that this yield could more than double with improved management. Under-performance at the pond-level is mainly due to poor pond management practices, improper feeding and the use of low-quality fry and fingerlings.

Samarth-NMDP is focused on developing new business models for feed manufacturers, aqua chemical companies, hatcheries and nurseries to reduce barriers that prevent them from reaching smaller farmers.  Through improved packaging, enhanced promotion and provision of information, the interventions aim to improve access of farmers to inputs, services and market - resulting in significant increases in productivity and incomes.

Current Interventions

1. Better Hatchery Management

2. Brood Stock Management

3. Improve Trade and Marketing

4. Enhance information of Aquaculture


Samarth-NMDP is implementing this project with Devtec.

Related Resources

November 07, 2017

During Programme Year Five, from April 2016 to end March 2017, Samarth-NMDP has solidified its interventions and has been able to record some impressive results at all levels of the log frame. At the impact level, the programme has made significant progress since year 4, reporting a total of 183,463 beneficiaries to date, nearly doubling the programme results to date. One-fourth of the results reported to date come from the Crop Protection Inputs sector, and Pigs, Vegetables, and Fish sectors have all reached between 20-30,000 beneficiaries each.

November 07, 2017

A brief overview of Samarth's fish sector as a whole, as at March 2018. 

October 11, 2017

Samarth NMDP shared the experiences and learnings on different interventions under pig, fish and vegetable sectors in a half-day workshop organized by MDFN on 14th September, 2017. 

March 17, 2017

This case study in the fishing sector examines the importance of public and private actors working together and the benefits brought about by a cohensive public-private partnership.

November 09, 2016

Majority of small pig farmers of Nepal are from marginalized underprivileged groups.  As per the agriculture census of 2011, there were 5, 40,000 households rearing pigs (mostly less than two) in Nepal. When the pig program of Samarth-NMDP was launched in 2012, there were only 40 registered pig farms. Today, there are more than 1200 registered pig farms scattered around the hills and the plains of Nepal.