Better feeding practices with the use of adequate nutritious green forage for dairy animals have been recommended by experts as a solution to the poor productivity of the dairy farming businesses in Nepal.
Samarth-NMDP in partnership with the Nepal government, organized a government level visit with the Bhutanese government to discuss trade opportunities between the two nations. With the local economy dwindling due to the earthquake, the political embargo disrupting the already existing markets and the importance of exporting goods a key factor for a sustainable economy, this bilateral trade talks with the Bhutanese government is a step towards opening doors to better opportunities for future growth.
Samarth-NMDP has been working in the ginger sector since its inception in late 2012. It has identified this sector as having potential to contribute to the overall programme objective of poverty reduction. This research was conducted to understand the viability of differentiated ginger in the Indian market and the potential of economic trickledown effect to smallholder farmers.
The pig sector in Nepal is widespread and mainly characterized by small-scale, mixed farms. Pig farming is dominated by small household (HH) production units of 1-2 pigs, which accounted for 86% (464,200 HH) of all households raising pigs in 2011. Production is typically low-input low-output, using unimproved breeds. The most common sources of pig feed are food industry by-products, kitchen waste, and grain by-products. Pigs therefore serve to convert limited waste and by-products of low value into high value food for consumption or/and sale.
In line with Samarth’s Gender and Social Inclusion (GESI) strategy, this qualitative study was carried out to investigate the actual situation of women in vegetable farming households. This information would help Samarth’s vegetable sector team to fine-tune interventions so that they actually reach and benefit these women, and to ensure that impact upon women at the household level can be measured.
There has been a dramatic improvement in Kamadhenu Dairy Development Corporation’s (KDDC) performance after partnering with Samarth. KDDC has increased its raw milk collection from 10,300 l/d in January 2014 to 19,000 l/d in January 2015 - an increase of about 85%. Samarth had supported KDDC to diversify their product as well as make other strategic changes in their business practice. With increasing demand of milk for production of diversified dairy products, KDDC is in a position to consistently collect milk in both seasons.
Low productivity in pigs is a major problem in the pig and pork production cycle in Nepal. The absence of pedigree breeds and a shortage of quality seed stock in the government run facilities and private breeders has led to in-breeding in the sector, producing piglets of lower weight and slower growth.
Cultivating the land is an arduous, physical task, especially on the steep terraces of the mid-hills. Over 40% of farmers have access to draught animal power (mainly oxen and buffalo) via around 250,000 owners. Among draught oxen and buffalo owning families, women are usually tasked with gathering forage and caring for these animals – spending around an hour a day in doing so.
Samarth-NMDP’s mechanization component began in June 2013 and decided, based on initial market analysis, to focus primarily on facilitating the development of the mini-tiller market in the mid-hills. This is where the deficit in labour is being most acutely felt, and where the mechanization market is least developed.
The most critical effects are at the downstream end of the input supply chain – the links between wholesaling functions, retailing functions and producer end users. The chain has been seriously disrupted, with missing storage functions and degraded physical retail infrastructure, with labour redirected to rebuilding and other tasks.
The disaster affected the entire vegetable sector value chain in the affected districts to varying degrees. According to FEFVEN assessments, the most affected areas with regards to the vegetable sector are Sindupalchok, Gorkha and Dolakha where the market for vegetables is considered by the Federation to be non-functional/completely disrupted. In these areas, there have been disruptions to transport infrastructure (road/bridges), transport provision, labour, and agro-vet services and hence producers are facing difficulties in accessing markets to sell their vegetables and to buy inputs.